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UAE FIRE & LIFE SAFETY CODE OF PRACTICE FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS F FR RE EQ QU UE EN NT TL LY Y A AS SK KE ED D Q QU UE ES ST TI. UAE Fire and Life Safety Code of Practice ( Edition) – what you need to professionals on fire and life safety requirements in the UAE. UAE FIRE AND LIFE SAFETY CODE OF. PRACTICE. Prevention and protection of life & property ensuring the provision of all fire and life safety requirements.
What is the fire rating required for motor vehicle workshop? A motor vehicle workshop shall be separated from any other part of the same building by compartment walls and floors having fire resistance of not less than 2 hours. What is the fire rating and ventilation requirement for a spray painting booth or for any spray painting process?
Areas in which spray painting or other allied processes are performed or carried out, shall be separated from other parts of the same building by compartment walls and floors having fire resistance of not less than 2 hours.
Spray painting booths shall have built in vapor extraction system. What is the size requirement for cold room and the fire rating of the construction?
The storage materials shall not include highly flammable chemicals. What shall the maximum allowable area of a mezzanine floor? The aggregate area of mezzanines within a room, other than those located in special-purpose industrial occupancies, shall not exceed one-third the open area of the room in which the mezzanines are located. What is a breeching inlet? A connection through which the Civil Defence fire department can pump supplemental water into the sprinkler system, standpipe, or other system, furnishing water for fire extinguishment to supplement existing water supplies.
What is the definition of fire access level? What is the definition of fire engine access road? The road to the building or structure to allow access for Civil Defence fire-fighting and rescue apparatus.
What is the definition of fire engine access way? The path adjacent to the building or structure to allow operational setup for Civil Defence fire-fighting and rescue apparatus such as Aerial Appliances. What is a landing valve? A 65 mm diameter water outlet normally located inside or near the staircase landing for trained or Civil Defence fire fighters to use during fire.
What is the maximum distance allowed between the edge of a fire engine access way and the breeching inlet? Buildings fitted with standpipes and automatic sprinkler system shall have access ways for pumping appliances within 18 m of the breeching inlet.
The breeching inlets shall be visible from the access ways.
What is the spacing requirement for private fire hydrants along fire engine access way and access road? Spacing between Private Hydrants along Fire Engine access way and access road are as follows: Residential and Commercial Occupancies shall be m ii. Light Hazard Storage Occupancies shall be m iii. Ordinary Hazard Storage Occupancies shall be m iv. Light Hazard Industrial Occupancies shall be m v. Ordinary Hazard Industrial Occupancies shall be m vi. High Hazard Occupancies shall be 60 m Q What is the minimum flow rate for each private fire hydrant?
Minimum flow rate for each Private fire hydrant shall be Gallons per Minute Q What is the minimum pressure required for fire hydrant in relation to landing valves? Minimum Pressure required for Private fire hydrant is 6. What is the minimum duration of fire fighting water supply for private fire hydrant? Private Fire Hydrant Water supply for fire fighting shall be for 2 hours. What is the height limitations for a fire hydrant? The center of a hose outlet shall be not less than mm and not more than mm above final grade.
How far shall the distance be between the fire engine access way and any access opening of a building? Access way shall be positioned so that the nearer edge shall be not less than 2 m or more than 10 m from the centre position of the access opening, measured horizontally. What is the gradient requirement for a fire engine access way? What is the maximum allowable dead end distance for a fire engine access way? Dead-end access way and fire engine access road shall not exceed 45 m in length or if exceeding 45 m, be provided with turning facilities.
What is the minimum height clearance along fire engine access way and access road? Overhead clearance of access way and fire engine access road shall be at least 4. Overhead obstruction to access way could be entrance gate, link or bridges connecting buildings. In what type of building shall a fire lift be required? In any building which is classified as high-rise or High depth building having more than 2 level of basement, there shall be provided at least one fire lift, which shall be contained within a separate protected shaft or a common protected shaft containing other lifts subject to such other lifts being served at each storey by a fire fighting lobby.
What is the minimum dimension of a fire lift car? Minimum dimension of a Fire lift car shall be of mm either in length of breadth. What is the minimum width of a fire fighting staircase? Fire-fighting stairs should be a minimum of mm wide.
What is the size requirement for a fire fighting lobby? The fire fighting lobby shall have a clear floor area of not less than 5 m2. The clear floor area should not exceed 20 m2 for spaces serving up to four lifts or 5 m2 per lift for spaces serving more than four lifts. Where can landing valves be installed in accordance to preference?
Landing valves shall be located in accordance to the following preference: In fire Fighting lobby if provided , for the first landing valve. In Fire fighting or exit staircase, for the first landing valve. In smoke free enclosure or external corridor. In the common corridor or area within a protected shaft. What is the length of coverage for one landing valve? Every part of the floor area shall be within 30 m coverage of a landing valve. When shall an emergency command centre be provided?
Fire lift ii. Emergency voice communication system iii. Engineered smoke control system. What is the size requirement for an emergency command centre? Where shall the emergency command centre be located? An Emergency Command Centre shall be located adjacent to the fire lift lobby at the designated storey of the building i. What is the swing direction for doors for fire exits? Doors required to be of the side-hinged or pivoted-swinging type shall swing in the direction of egress travel where serving a room or area with an occupant load of 50 or more.
A door shall swing in the direction of egress travel under either of the following conditions: Where the door is used in an exit enclosure ii.
Where the door serves a high hazard contents area Q What is the type of construction for exit staircase shaft based on the height of the building? Exit stairs serving High-rise buildings, Midrise buildings, High depth Underground buildings and buildings connecting four or more stories shall be constructed of RCC Reinforced Concrete with a minimum of 2 hour fire rating. Exit Stairs serving Lowrise buildings, Lowdepth Underground buildings and buildings connecting Three or less stories shall be protected with 2 hour fire rated construction.
Can spiral stairs be used for egress? Spiral Stairs is not allowed as a part of means of egress. Can interlocking or scissor stair be treated as 2 staircases? Interlocking or scissor stairs shall be considered only as a single exit. Where shall floor diagrams be provided? A floor diagram shall be provided in staircase landings on the wall beside the exit door. Floor diagrams shall also be provided beside fire alarm panels, in smoke-free enclosures, in fire fighting lobbies and in individual rooms of hotels and health care occupancies.
What information shall a floor diagram have? Floor diagrams shall show the actual floor layout, exit stairways locations, corridors, rooms, landing valves, hosereel, fire extinguishers, lift lobbies and other useful information for fire department as well as occupants.
What is the mode of ventilation for exit staircases in highrise buildings 23m or more in height?
Every escape staircase serving buildings of 23 m in height or more must be made a smoke proof enclosure. The means of achieving a smoke proof enclosure should be by pressurization. What is the fire rating for a smoke proof enclosure? A smoke proof enclosure shall be enclosed from the highest point to the lowest point by barriers having 2-hour fire resistance ratings. What is the fire rating requirement for an exit passageway? The exit passageway shall be separated from the remainder of the building by a 2-hour fire resistance rating.
What is the required mode of ventilation for non-high rise buildings? Staircase ventilation for non-highrise buildings shall be provided with natural, mechanical ventilation or by providing smoke proof enclosures. What is the egress final discharge requirement for sprinkler protected buildings? For sprinkler protected buildings, not more than 50 percent of the required number of exits, and not more than 50 percent of the required egress capacity, shall discharge through areas on the level of exit discharge.
What is the minimum separation distance between two exits? The minimum separation distance between two exits or exit access doors in a sprinklered building shall be not less than one-third the length of the maximum overall diagonal dimension of the building or area to be served.
This distance shall be half the diagonal for non-sprinklered buildings. What is the minimum clear width of a corridor or passageway? The clear width of any corridor or passageway serving an occupant load of 50 or more shall be not less than mm. In what situation is single exit permitted in a non-sprinklered apartment building?
Any non-sprinklered dwelling unit shall be permitted to have a single exit, provided that one of the following criteria is met: The dwelling unit has an exit door opening directly to the street or yard at ground level. T he dwelling unit has direct access to an outside stair and serves a maximum of two units, both of which are located on the same floor.
The dwelling unit has direct access to an interior stair that serves only that unit and is separated from all other portions of the building by fire barriers having a minimum 1- hour fire resistance rating, with no opening therein.
Travel distance from the anywhere in the unit shall not exceed 23m to the final discharge. Total floor area is less than m 2 Q In what situation is a single exit permitted in a sprinklered apartment building? Any building that is protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system has four or fewer stories, and has not more than four dwelling units per story shall be permitted to have a single exit, provided that all of the following conditions apply: The stairway is separated from the rest of the building by barriers having not less than a 1-hour fire resistance rating, with self-closing 1-hour fire door assemblies protecting all openings between the stairway enclosure and the building.
The stairway does not serve more than one-half story below the level of exit discharge. All corridors serving as access to exits have a minimum 1-hour fire resistance rating. There is not more than 35 ft One-half-hour fire-rated horizontal and vertical separation between dwelling units is provided. Travel distance from anywhere from the unit to the unit exit door shall not exceed 23m. Total floor area is less than m2 Q What is the definition of a labor accommodation?
The phrase "without individual cooking facilities" refers to the absence of cooking equipment in any room or unit. What is the height requirement to install a portable fire extinguisher?
The wall mount type portable fire extinguishers shall be installed in such a way that the top of the fire extinguisher is not more than 1. What is the minimum number of people required to be trained on basic fire awareness and in the use of portable fire extinguishers? At what level shall floor proximity exit signs be installed?
Where floor proximity exit signs are required in such signs shall be located near the floor level in addition to those signs required for doors or corridors. The bottom of the sign shall be not less than mm, but not more than mm, above the floor. What is the function of emergency lights? The objective of having emergency lighting during emergencies or when the normal lighting of the occupied building fails.
The emergency light shall fulfill the following functions: To indicate clearly and unambiguously the escape routes. To provide illumination along such routes to allow safe movement towards and through the exits provided. To ensure that fire alarm call points and fire fighting equipment provided along escape routes can be readily located. To permit operations concerned with safety measures Q Where shall emergency lights be provided?
For all buildings except for One-and-Two-Family Dwelling, emergency lighting shall be provided in all occupancies in the following areas: Over area if there are no explicit paths leading to corridors, lobbies and exits.
In hotel rooms or suites. Educational occupancies used as assembly, i. Notwithstanding the requirements in the clause above, emergency lighting shall be provided in the following locations: Lift cars ii.
Emergency command centers iii. Generator rooms iv. Basement car parks v. Fire pump rooms vi. Areas of refuge within the same building.
What is the required brightness level of emergency lights? Emergency lighting facilities shall be arranged to provide initial illumination that is not less than an average of 1 ft-candle In what type of occupancies is central battery required?
Central Battery System is not mandatory. However, stand alone self contained luminaries are not allowed as well. The emergency lighting system shall be either Central Battery system or monitored type self contained emergency lighting system which is diagnostic type and shall be automatically monitored and tested through the Building Monitoring System and the fire alarm control unit. What is the definition of emergency voice communication EVC? A system that is interlinked with the fire alarm to give evacuation or emergency messages throughout the premises for all occupants.
Where multiple pump sets are required in a Highrise building, Intermediate Fire Pumps and Water tanks shall be located at not more than 90 m intervals from the First Fire Pump located at the lowest level of the structure.
Separation requirement for kitchen could be exempted when all the cooking facilities in the kitchen are fitted with an approved extinguishing system such as Kitchen hood suppression. Separation requirement for kitchen could also be exempted when an eating establishment is separated from other parts of the same building by walls and floors having fire resistance of at least 1 hour and doors having fire resistance of at least half an hour.
What is the fire rating for the separation between theatre, cinema or concert hall from other parts of the building? A theater, cinema or concert hall shall be separated from other parts of the same building, which is of a different purpose group, by compartment walls and floors having a fire resistance of at least 2-hour.
If the building is protected by an automatic sprinkler system, the fire resistance rating of the compartment walls or floors can be reduced to 1-hour. Each hotel bedroom shall be compartmented from adjoining rooms and other parts of the same building by construction having fire resistance rating of at least 1 hour. Each labor accommodation bedroom shall be compartmented from adjoining rooms and other parts of the same building by construction having fire resistance rating of at least 1hour.
Kitchen shall be separated by 1 hour fire rating and a protected corridor away from the dormitory sleeping area on the ground floor.
A motor vehicle workshop shall be separated from any other part of the same building by compartment walls and floors having fire resistance of not less than 2 hours. What is the fire rating and ventilation requirement for a spray painting booth or for any spray painting process?
Areas in which spray painting or other allied processes are performed or carried out, shall be separated from other parts of the same building by compartment walls and floors having fire resistance of not less than 2 hours. Spray painting booths shall have built in vapor extraction system.
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