In this post, we have shared an overview and download link of BD Chaurasia Human Anatomy. There are many books for Anatomy one can read, but BD Chaurasia is still considered the best book of Anatomy. BD Chaurasiya Human Anatomy 7th edition PDF series is coming soon. Where can I download a PDF of Shoukat N. Kazi's anatomy guide book? . Click on the Link to get Latest Edition of BD chaurasia Human anatomy PDF. Human Anatomy - Lower Limb, Abdomen & Pelvis (Volume 2).pdf - Ebook download as Download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd 1 BDChaurasia's.
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BD Chaurasia book download for free in pdf ebook format. Read our complete review on Anatomy in First year MBBS, one of medical subject. BD Chaurasia human anatomy volume 3 pdf. This book covers all the topics of head, neck and brain. If you want to study the head and neck in. He has written all the gross anatomy in 3 volumes. The first one is called BD Chaurasia human anatomy volume 1 pdf which consists of Upper.
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New images and texts are added, however, the basic content has somehow been unchanged. You can always opt for other books, but in India, even the top colleges follow it. There must be a reason for it, right?
Suggestions to those studying anatomy in first year of MBBS includes following:. You can download the three volumes of the book by links given below. If the link is not working, do let us know using the comments section, we will readily update it.
If you are unable to locate the links, please refresh the page. Upper Limb and Thorax. Head, Neck and Brain.
Lower limb, Abdomen and Pelvis. Please note these are external links and we do not host any downloads on our website. If you are the owner of the content or have disputes regarding the terms, please read our complete Disclaimer page or leave us a message via our Contact Us page.
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Please switch to different browser or computer to download the book. We are currently uploading as much as we can to our database. Our goal is to provide downloadable pdf files to medical students. Thank you suresh for bringing us in light for the link. We have updated the links and now the BD Chaurasia book can be downloaded. The link was actually renamed, but it could be downloaded and renamed again as.
The files are unable to open due to lack of an app as it is indicating. Which app should I install in order to rectify this problem? I am using Samsung c7 pro. Please let me know. The link is perfectly working Florin. The description of each bone is given in two parts. The first part introduces the main features and the second part describes the attachments. The symphyseal surface of the body of the pubis lies in the median plane.
It is made up of three parts. These are the ilium superiorly, the pubis anteroinferiorly, and the ischium posteroinferiorly. The three parts are joined to each other at a cup-shaped hollow, called the acetabulum. The pubis and ischium are separated by a large oval opening called the obturator foramen. The acetabulum articulates with the head of the femur to form the hip joint.
The pubic parts of the two hip bones meet anteriorly to form the pubic symphysis. The two hip bones form the pelvic or hip girdle. The bony pelvis is formed by the two hip bones along with the sacrum and coccyx. Side Determination 1. The acetabulum is directed laterally.
The flat, expanded ilium forms the upper part of the bone, that lies above the acetabulum. The obturator foramen lies below the acetabulum. It is bounded anteriorly by the thin pubis, and posteriorly by the thick and strong ischium. Anatomical Position 1. The pubic symphysis and anterior superior iliac spine lie in the same coronal plane. The pelvic surface of the body of the pubis is directed backwards and upwards.
The ilium or flank forms the upper expanded plate like part of the hip bone. Its lower part forms the upper twofifths of the acetabulum. The ilium has the following: 1. An upper end which is called the iliac crest. A lower end which is smaller, and is fused with the pubis and the ischium at the acetabulum. The ilium forms the upper two-fifths of the acetabulum. Three bordersanterior, posterior and medial. Three surfacesgluteal surface, iliac surface or iliac fossa, and a sacropelvic surface.
These parts are described one by one below. Iliac Crest The iliac crest Figs 2. It can be felt in the living at the lower limit of the flank. Vertically it is convex upwards, anteroposteriorly, it is concave inwards in front and concave outwards behind Fig.
The highest point of the iliac crest is situated a little behind the midpoint of the crest. It lies at the level of the interval between the spines of vertebrae L3 and L4. The anterior end of the iliac crest is called the anterior superior iliac spine. This is a prominent landmark that is easily felt in the living. The posterior end of the crest is called the posterior superior iliac spine. Its position on the surface of the body is marked by a dimple 4 cm lateral of the second sacral spine Fig.
Morphological divisions. Morphologically, the iliac crest is divided into a long ventral segment and a short dorsal segment. The ventral segment forms more than the anterior two-thirds of the crest.
It has an outer lip, an inner lip, and an intermediate area. The tubercle of the iliac crest is an elevation that lies on the outer lip about 5 cm behind the anterior superior iliac spine Fig.
Medial Border It extends on the inner or pelvic surface of the ilium from the iliac crest to the iliopubic eminence. It separates the iliac fossa from the sacropelvic surface. Its lower rounded part forms the iliac parts of the arcuate line or inlet of pelvis. Gluteal Surface This is the outer surface of the ilium, which is convex in front and concave behind, like the iliac crest.
It is divided into four areas by three gluteal lines Fig. The posterior gluteal line, the shortest, begins 5 cm in front of the posterior superior spine, and ends just in front of the posterior inferior spine. The anterior gluteal line, the longest, begins about 2. The inferior gluteal line, the most ill-defined, begins a little above and behind the anterior inferior spine, runs backwards and downwards to end near the apex of the greater sciatic notch.
Iliac Fossa This is the large concave area on the inner surface of the ilium, situated in front of its medial border. It forms the lateral wall of the false pelvis Fig. Sacropelvic Surface The dorsal segment forms less than the posterior onethird of the crest. It has a lateral and a medial slope separated by a ridge. Anterior Border of Ilium This border starts at the anterior superior iliac spine and runs downwards to the acetabulum.
The upper part of the border presents a notch, while its lower part shows an elevated area called the anterior inferior iliac spine. The lower half of this spine is large, triangular and rough. Posterior Border of Ilium This is the uneven area on the inner surface of the ilium, situated behind its medial border.
It is subdivided into three parts; the iliac tuberosity, the auricular surface and the pelvic surface. The iliac tuberosity is the upper, large, roughened area, lying just below the dorsal segment of the iliac crest. It is raised in the middle and depressed both above and below.
The auricular surface is articular but pitted.
It lies anteroinferior to the iliac tuberosity. It articulates with the sacrum to form the sacroiliac joint. The pelvic surface is smooth and lies anteroinferior to the auricular surface. It forms a part of the lateral wall of the true pelvis. Along the upper border of the greater sciatic notch, this surface is marked by the preauricular sulcus. This sulcus is deeper in females than in males. A few centimeters below the posterior superior iliac spine it presents another prominence called the posterior inferior iliac spine.
Still lower down the posterior border is marked by a large deep notch called the greater sciatic notch. The anteriorsuperioriliac spine gives attachment to the lateral end of the inguinal ligament. It also gives origin to the sartorius muscle; the origin extends onto the upper half of the notch below the spine Figs 2. The outer lip of the iliac crest provides a attachment to the fascia lata in its whole extent; b origin to the tensor fasciae latae in front of the tubercle; c insertion to the external oblique muscle in its anterior two-thirds; and d origin to the latis-simus dorsi just behind the highest point of the crest.
The tubercle of the crest marks the point of maximum traction by the iliotibial tract Figs 2. The inner lip of the iliac crest provides a origin to the transversus abdominis in its anterior two-thirds Fig. The intermediate area of the iliac crest gives origin to the internal oblique muscle in its anterior twothirds Figs 2.
The attachments on the dorsal segment of the iliac crest are as follows, a The lateral slope gives origin to the gluteus maximus Fig.
The upper half of the anterior inferior iliac spine gives origin to the straight head of the rectus femoris.
The rough lower part of this spine gives attachment to the iliofemoral ligament Figs 2. The posterior border of the ilium provides a attachment to the upper fibres of the sacrotuberous ligament above the greater sciatic notch Fig.
The attachments on the gluteal surface are as follows. The iliac fossa gives origin to the iliacus from its upper two-thirds Fig. The lower grooved part of the fossa is covered by the iliac bursa. The iliac tuberosity provides attachment to a the interosseous sacroiliac ligament in its greater part, b the dorsal sacroiliac ligament posteriorly, and c the iliolumbar ligament superiorly.
The convex margin of the auricular surface gives attachment to the ventral sacroiliac ligament. The attachments on the pelvic surface are as follows. It forms the anteroinferior part of the hip bone and the anterior one-fifth of the acetabulum, forms the anterior boundary of the obturator foramen. It has 1 a body anteriorly, 2 a superior ramus super-olaterally, and 3 an inferior ramus inferolaterally Figs 2. Body of Pubis This is flattened from before backwards, and has 1 a superior border called the pubic crest, 2 a pubic tubercle at the lateral end of the pubic crest, and 3 three surfaces, viz.
The pubic tubercle is the lateral end of the pubic crest, forming an important landmark Fig. The anterior surface is directed downwards, forwards and slightly laterally. It is rough supero-medially and smooth elsewhere. The posterior or pelvic surface is smooth. It is directed upwards and backwards. It forms the anterior wall of the true pelvis, and is related to the urinary bladder.
The medial or symphyseal surface articulates with Superior Ramus It extends from the body of the pubis to the acetabulum, above the obturator foramen. It has three borders and three surfaces. The superior border is called the pectineal line or pecten pubis. It is a sharp crest extending from just behind the pubic tubercle to the posterior part of the iliopubic eminence. With the pubic crest it forms the pubic part of the arcuate line. The anterior border is called the obturator crest.
The border is a rounded ridge, extending from the pubic tubercle to the acetabular notch. The inferior border is sharp and forms the upper margin of the obturator foramen. The pectineal surface is a triangular area between the anterior and superior borders, extending from the pubic tubercle to the iliopubic eminence. The pelvic surface lies between the superior and inferior borders. It is smooth and is continuous with the pelvic surface of the body of the pubis.
The obturator surface lies between the anterior and inferior borders. It presents the obturator groove. Inferior Ramus It extends from the body of the pubis to the ramus of the ischium, medial to the obturator foramen.
It unites with the ramus of the ischium to form the conjoined ischiopubic rami. For convenience of description the conjoined rami will be considered together at the end. The pubic tubercle provides attachment to the medial end of the inguinal ligament and to ascending loops of the cremaster muscle. In males, the tubercle is crossed by the spermatic cord Figs 3.
The medial part of the pubic crest is crossed by the medial head of the rectus abdominis. The lateral part of the crest gives origin to the lateral head of the rectus abdominis, and to the pyramidalis Fig.
The anterior surface of the body of the pubis provides a attachment to the anterior pubic ligament medially, b origin to the adductor longus in the angle between the crest and the symphysis, c origin to the gracilis, from the margin of the symphysis, and from the inferior ramus, d origin to the adductor brevis lateral to the origin of the gracilis, and e origin to the obturator externus near the margin of the obturator foramen Figs 2.
The posterior surface of the body of the pubis provides a origin to the levator ani from its middle part, b origin to the obturator internus laterally Fig. The pectineal line provides attachment to a the conjoint tendon at the medial end, b the lacunar ligament at the medial end, in front of the attachment of the conjoint tendon; c the pectinate ligament along the whole length of the line lateral to the attachment of the lacunar ligament, d the pectineus muscle which arises from the whole length of the line Fig.
The upper part of the pectineal surface gives origin to the pectineus Fig. The pelvic surface is crossed by the ductus deferens in males, and the round ligament of the uterus in females. The obturator groove transmits the obturator vessels and nerve. See attachments on conjoined ischiopubic rami.
It forams the posterior boundary of the obturator foramen.