You can download the notes from the below link of your class 12th physical education: NCERT Solutions Physical Education Class 12 (1, 3 & 5 marks). This book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not, by way of trade, syllabus for this class, such as human body, physical fitness, leadership . Page SOLVED. QUESTION BANK. Class-XII. (Physical Education). Based on latest syllabus. Patron. Dr. S. Marriya. Dr. S. Marriya. Regional Director.
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Download CBSE class 12 Physical Education study material in PDF format. MyCBSEguide provides solved papers, board question papers, revision notes and. download Comprehensive Physical Education Class-XII by Indu Mazumdar PDF Online While working on this book I realized that with a little bit of knowledge an. Physical Education Class 12 Notes are very important for quick revision of the subject. These notes will help you in your preparation for CBSE.
The first official international football match took place in between Scotland and England in Glasgow, again at the instigation of C.
England is home to the world's first football league, which was founded in Birmingham in by Aston Villa director William McGregor. The original format contained 12 clubs from the Midlands and Northern England.
FIFA, the international football body, was formed in Paris in and declared that they would adhere to Laws of the Game of the Football Association. The growing popularity of the international game led to the admittance of FIFA representatives to the International Football Association Board in The board consists of four representatives from FIFA and one representative from each of the four British associations.
Today, football is played at a professional level all over the world. Millions of people regularly go to football stadiums to follow their favorite teams, while billions more watch the game on television or on the internet.
A very large number of people also play football at an amateur level. According to a survey conducted by FIFA published in , over million people from more than countries regularly play football. Football has the highest global television audience in sport. In many parts of the world football evokes great passions and plays an important role in the life of individual fans, local communities, and even nations.
Kapuscinski says that people who are polite, modest or even humble in Europe fall easily into rage with playing or watching soccer games. By contrast, football is widely considered to have been the final proximate cause for the Football War in June between El Salvador and Honduras. The sport also exacerbated tensions at the beginning of the Yugoslav Wars of the s, when a match between Dinamo Zagreb and Red Star Belgrade degenerated into rioting in May The game is played using a spherical ball of 71 cm 28 in circumference in FIFA play , known as the football or soccer ball.
Two teams of eleven players each compete to get the ball into the other team's goal between the posts and under the bar , there by scoring a goal. The team that has scored more goals at the end of the game is the winner; if both teams have scored an equal number of goals then the game is a draw.
Each team is led by a captain who has only one official responsibility as mandated by the Laws of the Game: to be involved in the coin toss prior to kick-off or penalty kicks. The primary law is that players other than goalkeepers may not deliberately handle the ball with their hands or arms during play, though they do use their hands during a throw-in restart.
Although players usually use their feet to move the ball around, they may use any part of their body notably, "heading" with the forehead other than their hands or arms.
Within normal play, all players are free to play the ball in any direction and move throughout the pitch, though the ball cannot be received in an offside position. In game play, players attempt to create goalscoring opportunities through individual control of the ball, such as by dribbling, passing the ball to a team-mate, and by taking shots at the goal, which is guarded by the opposing goalkeeper.
Opposing players may try to regain control of the ball by intercepting a pass or through tackling the opponent in possession of the ball; however, physical contact between opponents is restricted. Football is generally a free-flowing game, with play stopping only when the ball has left the field of play or when play is stopped by the referee for an infringement of the rules.
After a stoppage, play recommences with a specified restart. At a professional level, most matches produce only a few goals. For example, the —06 season of the English Premier League produced an average of 2. The Laws of the Game do not specify any player positions other than goal keeper but a number of specialized roles have evolved.
Broadly, these include three main categories: strikers, or forwards, whose main task is to score goals; defenders, who specialize in preventing their opponents from scoring; and midfielders, who dispossess the opposition and keep possession of the ball in order to pass it to the forwards on their team.
Players in these positions are referred to as outfield players, in order to distinguish them from the goalkeeper.
These positions are further subdivided according to the area of the field in which the player spends most time. For example, there are central defenders, and left and right midfielders. The ten outfield players may be arranged in any combination.
The number of players in each position determines the style of the team's play; more forwards and fewer defenders creates a more aggressive and offensive-minded game, while the reverse creates a slower, more defensive style of play.
While players typically spend most of the game in a specific position, there are few restrictions on player movement, and players can switch positions at any time. The layout of a team's players is known as a formation defining the team's formation and tactics is usually the prerogative of the team's manager. Physical Education Code No. You are offered to download this e-book now..
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