Philippine Geography, History, and Economy. The Philippine archipelago is composed of about 7, islands and lies strategically within the arc of nations. Brief accounts in the form of summaries of leading events of various periods of Spanish history have been included to enable the student to understand nore. History of the Philippines and Filipinos with a timeline of events, a chronological list of Philippine presidents & Vice-Presidents, The evolution of the Philippine.
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THE PHILIPPINES: Historical Overview. Center for Philip'pines Studies. School of Hawaiian, Asian and Pacific Studies. University of Hawai'i by Julie Shackford. History Philippine History Trivia by Joey Fajilago in cooperation with the Philippine Information Agency and the Office of the President, University of the. Name: Vina O. Cadorna Sub/Sec: History /AT33 Date: June 10, Philippine History in General and own Concept of History According to the book entitled.
Pagkatuklas sa ating Lupain, Sofronio G. Calderon, Unang paglilimbag, El Renacimineto, Manila, 5. Clark company, Cleveland, Ohio, Volume 53 - Bibliography , Emma Helen Blair, et. Volume 45 - , Emma Helen Blair, et. Volume 44 - - , Emma Helen Blair, et.
Volume 43 - - , Emma Helen Blair, et. Volume 42 - - , Emma Helen Blair, et. Volume 41 - - , Emma Helen Blair, et.
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Volume 26 - , Emma Helen Blair, et. Volume 25 - - , Emma Helen Blair, et. Volume 24 - - , Emma Helen Blair, et. Volume 23 - - , Emma Helen Blair, et. Volume 22 - - , Emma Helen Blair, et. Volume 21 - , Emma Helen Blair, et. Volume 51 - , Emma Helen Blair, et. Volume 50 - , Emma Helen Blair, et. Volume 49 - , Emma Helen Blair, et. Volume 48 - , Emma Helen Blair, et.
Volume 47 - , Emma Helen Blair, et. Santos, Santos, 7. Basic Facts: Hospitable 2. Close Family Ties 3. Respect for Elders 4. Indolent 7. Debt of Gratitude: Pre-Colonial Philippines A.
They pay their debts even if a year had already passed. A man from one barangays went to another and was murdered without any obvious cause; 2. Kidnapping the wives of men belonging to another barangays; 3. Maltreatment of men of one barangays by men of another barangays. Datu Kalantiyaw, third chief of Panay, probably a descendant of Datu Sumakwel. Elders of the Community were called by the Chief and tell them what was in his mind. The elders either approve or disapprove the plan.
If approved, the chief then made the necessary regulations or rules. The elders immediately approve of such rules. The umalohokan called the attention of the subjects by ringing the bell that he had with him.
The people gathered around him and heard from him the provisions of the new law. The law is effective immediately. Anybody violating the law was promptly arrested and brought before the chieftain to be judged according to the merits of the case. Judicial Process: They could own and inherit property 2. Engage in trade and industry 3. Pre-Colonial Communities A. The Coming of the Spaniards th A. But only Victoria was able to go back to Spain.
Europeans learned the existence of the Philippines; 2. It proved that the Earth is round; 3.
It established the vastness of the Pacific Ocean; 4. It proved that the East Indies could be reached by crossing the pacific; 5. It showed that the Americas were really separated from Asia.
Spanish Institutions A. The Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy; 2. The Vice-Real Patron; 4. The source of Civil Power. Judge; 2. Inspector of Encomiendas; 3. Chief of Police; 4. Tribute Collector; 5. Vice-Regal Patron; 6. Captain-General of the Province. Any Filipino or Chinese Mestizo; 2. Literate in Oral or Written Spanish; 4. Had been a Cabeza de Barangay for 4 years. Recruitment and Distribution of Men for draft labor, communal public work and the quinto; 3. Postal Clerk; 4.
Judge in civil suits involving P Tax and Distributions Collector for the gobernadorcillo; 2. Responsible for the peace and order in his own barrio; 3. Recruited Polistas for communal public works. Amalgamation of the Church and State C. Economic System 1. Manila-Acapulco Galleon Trade D. Social Transformation 1. Language 2. Compadrazgo ritual co-parenthood E. Educational Transformation 1. From Indio to Filipino: The Rise of Filipino Nationalism A.
Categories of Revolts 1. Personal Motives: Political led by former Datus b.
Religious led by Babaylans 2. Resistance to oppressive Spanish-introduced economic as well as religious institutions 3. Mindanao Resisitance a. Moro Wars ; B. Failure of Revolts 1. Filipino Nationalism: Accelerators 1.
The Philippines in World Commerce 2. Rise of Class Media 3. European Liberalism and Carlos Maria de la Torre 4. Racial Discrimination 5. The Reform Movement a. Assimilation accomplished in a peaceful manner C.
Representation in the Spanish Cortes: Filipinos could propose and participate in the approval of laws beneficial to the country. Freedom from paying unreasonable taxes. Dimas Alang; Laong Laan 2. Tikbalang; Naning; Kalipulako 3. Taga-ilog 4. Plaridel 5.
Bonifacio in particular exerted great efforts to organize chapters in various districts of Manila. Although the Reform Movement was a failure in the achievement of its goals, it was still a success for its failure led to the founding of the Revolutionary Katipunan with separatist aims. In Jose Rizal founded a movement called Liga Filipina, which called for reform rather than revolution. As a result Rizal was arrested and exiled to Dapitan on Mindanao.
Meanwhile Andres Bonifacio formed a more extreme organisation called the Katipunan. In August they began a revolution. Jose Rizal was accused of supporting the revolution, although he did not and he was executed on 30 December Yet his execution merely inflamed Filipino opinion and the revolution grew. Then in came war between the USA and Spain. Meanwhile Filipino revolutionaries had surrounded Manila.
Their leader, Emilio Aguinaldo declared the Philippines independent on 12 June. The Americans planned to take over. War between American forces in Manila and the Filipinos began on 4 February The Filipino-American War lasted until when Aguinaldo was captured. The Philippines in the 20th Century American rule in the Philippines was paternalistic.
They called their policy 'Benevolent Assimilation'. They wanted to 'Americanize' the Filipinos but they never quite succeeded. However they did do some good.
Many American teachers were sent to the Philippines in a ship called the Thomas and they did increase literacy. In the Philippines were made a commonwealth and were semi-independent. Manuel Quezon became president. The USA promised that the Philippines would become completely independent in On 10 December Japanese troops invaded the Philippines. They captured Manila on 2 January By 6 May all of the Philippines were in Japanese hands. However American troops returned to the Philippines in October They recaptured Manila in February The Philippines became independent on 4 July Manuel Roxas was the first president of the newly independent nation.
Ferdinand Marcos was elected president in